Seeds are generally planted in the following ways:
Big seeds and root crops planted directly outdoors in the correct season.
Small seeds and ones that yield above ground started in some form of container.
Let's start with direct sowing...
Dig your bed over, remove weeds and add compost. Simply plant your chosen seeds in the correct spacing either in rows or if you have chosen the square foot system in your blocks. Seeds that like to be sown directly are:
Beans incl Broad Beans
Carrots - Just remember to plant carrots in beds that have a high sand content and one that HAS NOT had any compost added for at least one growing season.
Spinach (can also start early in seedling trays)
Squashes and pumpkins
For sowing other seeds, what we do is start them in newspaper pots. We have tried other methods but this works well enough IF you do not leave them too long before planting out. Reading that post hyperlinked above has other tips for starting seedlings.
Large seeds take longer to germinate than small seeds so you need to be patient and mark where you have planted what...remember my corn tragedy?
Plants that like to be started in pots are:
Tomatoes (these like to be repotted slightly deeper about 3 times before going into the beds)
Asparagus (be prepared to wait 4 yrs!)
Plants that need to be started now for spring are (Western Cape):
My friend Elastic Mom has a great post on starting seeds...and this video below also has some handy tips.
How are you doing with your spring planning?